Academics

Last Updated: 7/12/2021 12:30 PM

Please find our course offerings for the 2021-2022 school year in their respective catagories.

 

Paperback Course Catalogs are available at the high school for pick up. Any questions please call your students respective counselor.

 

Kristy Somerville- Last Names A-G

Terri Eckstein- Last Names H-O

Jeff Hervela- Last Names P-Z

 

Business and Computer Technology I

Grades 9-12                                                                                                   1 credit

Students will develop hands-on computer oriented skills with instruction based on technology and its application in the business world.  Students will use Microsoft Word, Excel, Access, PowerPoint, Publisher, and Outlook, to complete projects which incorporate CORE academic benchmarks to assist students in mastering those concepts.  Some of the topics covered are computer hardware, software and peripherals, formal and informal communication, career exploration, forms and procedures, basic checking and payroll functions, multi-media powered presentations, International business travel and etiquette, creation of business forms using various programs, linking and embedding between applications, and other self-paced hands-on projects using multiple applications.  This course will meet the Michigan standards for a required Visual, Performing & Applied Arts credit.

 

Business and Computer Technology II                                          

Grades 10-12                                                                                                 1 credit

Prerequisite:  Business and Computer Technology I

This is a course to expand and enhance students’ knowledge in Word, Excel, Access, PowerPoint, Publisher, and Outlook. They will also obtain introductory skills in multi-media using programs such as Photo Story 3, Movie Maker to incorporate sound, video, animation and graphics into projects. Students will also learn Adobe CS3 Dreamweaver, Fireworks, Flash, Photoshop, and other CS3 software.  Students will gain advanced skills in desktop publishing, presentation, e-business, routine computer maintenance, money management, records management (paper and electronic), document processing, formatting, Internet, and office management. Students will be working in an office environment on self-paced hands on projects using multiple applications to complete each project.  This course will meet the Michigan standards for a required Visual, Performing & Applied Arts credit.

 

Business and Computer Technology III

Grades 11-12                                                                                                 1 credit

Prerequisite:  Business and Computer Technology II

Students will complete hands on activities which will include areas such as e-commerce, accessing on-line databases, transferring files, Adobe CS3 Dreamweaver, Fireworks, Flash, Photoshop, and other CS3 software.  They will acquire advanced skills in multi-media using programs such as Photo Story 3, Movie Maker to incorporate sound, video, animation and graphics into projects. Students will assume a leadership role in the classroom assisting beginners grasp the basic fundamentals of Adobe CS3 software.  He/she will lend expertise to aid students in proofreading sources and advice on debugging techniques as needed.  Other multi-media projects will be detailed and carried out by these advanced students.  This course will meet the Michigan standards for a required Visual, Performing & Applied Arts credit.

 

Accounting I 

Grades 10-12                                                                                                 1 credit

This course is recommended for all students interested in pursuing a career in all business related fields. The course will be an introduction to the study of accounting principles and theory. A computerized accounting program will be used during this course, along with spreadsheet software.  Several hands on simulations are integrated throughout the course as well as opportunities to research business topics. Additional topics covered include financial statements, basic procedures, the accounting cycle, general and columnar journals, payroll accounting, and other topics as related to sole proprietorships, partnerships, and corporations. Spreadsheet software will be used during this course.  Topics covered are investments, receivables, inventories, payables, interpreting financial statements, statement of cash flows, departmental accounting, internal control, and accounting for business decisions.  This course meets the Michigan standards for a required senior math credit.

 

Accounting II

Grades 11-12                                                                                                 1 credit

Prerequisite:  Accounting I

Accounting II is a continuation of the study of accounting principles.   This course covers accounting for a merchandising business organized as a corporation.  Some topics include accounting for partnerships, plant assets, depreciation, and intangible assets; as well as recording international and internet sales.  Successful completion of Accounting I & II earns articulated credit with the following colleges/universities:  Baker College, Davenport University, Ferris State University, Kirtland Community College, and North Central Michigan College.  This course meets the Michigan standards for a required senior math credit.

 

Accounting III

Grade 12                                                                                                        1 credit

Prerequisite:  Accounting II                                                                       

Accounting III is a continuation of the study of accounting principles.  The course introduces accounting for the formation and operation of corporations; stocks and bonds; process and job order cost procedures; special reports, statements and analysis; and cash flow statements.  We will also include an introduction to computer-based accounting, using the latest version of QuickBooks Pro which is one of the most popular general ledger software packages used by small and medium sized businesses.  The accounting program provides the student with conceptual knowledge necessary to build the problem-solving skills that he or she will need when using computerized accounting in the workplace.  This course meets the Michigan standards for a required senior math credit. 

 

AP Computer Science Principles

Grades 11-12                                                                                     1 credit

This course is a full-year, rigorous, entry-level course that introduces high school students to the foundations of modern computing.  Students will learn  a broad range of foundational topics such as programming, algorithms, the Internet, big data, digital privacy and security, and the societal impacts of computing.  Students will be completing the Code.org curriculum that is aligned with AP Curriculum Framework standards and the AP CSP assessment.  The course seeks to provide student with a “future proof” foundation in computing principles so that they are adequately prepared with both the knowledge and skills to live meaningfully participate in our increasingly digital society, economy and culture.

 

Marketing I

Grades 10-12                                                                                                 1 credit

This course is designed to develop skills in major occupational areas of marketing (advertising and promotion, distribution, marketing management, selling, global marketing and e-commerce). Students will apply core economic, communication and interpersonal skills.  Also, students will have an opportunity to travel and meet new people with their involvement in DECA (an association of marketing students).

 

Marketing II

Grades 11-12                                                                                                 1 credit

Prerequisite:  Marketing I 

This course is designed to further develop competencies learned in marketing I.  It is much more project based, as Marketing II students take a leadership role in the management and operation of the school store.  Students will be involved in product and service planning sessions and entrepreneurial skill building.  Also students at this level are encouraged to participate in DECA.

 

Co-operative Work Experience

Grade 12                                                                                                        1 credit

Students who find employment in the business services field may receive co-operative work experience credit.  To qualify, a student must be enrolled in one of the Business and Information Technology courses and be a student in good standing for graduation.  In addition, the student must maintain a minimum of 15 hours of work per week.  Students with an interest in working in the business services field should see the Co-op Coordinator for assistance in possible job placements.

Symphony Band                                                                               

Grades 9-12                                                                                                   1 credit

Prerequisite:  8th Grade Band

This class is open to all interested high school students who have at least a ninth grade playing proficiency on a traditional band instrument.  It is a performance oriented, ensemble class, and its primary instructional method is rehearsal, preparation and performance of the highest quality, appropriate repertoire.  Rehearsals and performances are required of ALL enrolled students, including local concerts and MSBOA Band Festivals.  Enrolled students have the opportunity to participate in **Marching Band, Solo and Ensemble Festivals, **Jazz Band, Pep Band, All-State Ensembles, and District 2 Honors Band.

 

**After-school Ensembles:

            1.  Students enrolled in Symphony Band are eligible to participate in Marching Band.

            2.  Students are required to be in Symphony Band to participate in Jazz Band.

 

Choir

Based on enrollment and part balance, there will be up to three choirs offered at Gaylord High School. Each choir focuses on age appropriate vocal development, ensemble training, sight-reading, ear-training, and general musicianship. The three course offerings are as follows:

 

Concert Choir (Introductory)

Grades 9-12                                                                                                   1 credit

Prerequisite:  Previous vocal experience is preferred, but not required. Students will interview with the High School director and be placed on vocal parts based on range.

Students should join if they have a desire to learn to sing, or further develop their singing voice. Performances are presented at choral concerts and choral festival throughout the school year. Any student may join Concert Choir.

 

Woman’s Chorale (Advanced)

Grades 9-12                                                                                                   1 credit

Prerequisite: Audition with Instructor

Woman’s Chorale is an advanced SSA ensemble. Auditions will be held in the spring each year. The members of Woman’s Chorale will be expected to attend extra rehearsals and sectionals in order to meet the demands of this fast paced group. Performances are presented at choral concerts and choral festivals throughout the school year.

 

Chamber Singers (Advanced)

Grades 9-12                                                                                                   1 credit

Prerequisite: Audition with Instructor

Chamber Singers is an advanced SATB ensemble. Auditions will be held in the spring each year. The members of Chamber Singers will be expected to attend extra rehearsals and sectionals in order to meet the demands of this fast paced group. Performances are presented at choral concerts and choral festivals throughout the school year.

 

Music Theory/Ear Training I (Introductory)

Grades 9-12                                                                                                   1/2 credit

This class is open to any student interested in studying how music is constructed and organized.  Students will study the fundamentals of music, major scales, music intervals, triad chords, V7 chords, and musical forms.  Students will learn to accurately write and compose their own music.  Students will also study ear training, including singing solfege, musical intervals, and melodies.

 

Theatre I

Grades 9-12                                                                                                   1/2 credit

This exploratory theatre course covers many basic aspects of live theatre, including theatre vocabulary, set design, lighting, sound, costumes, etc.  Through a combination informational/hands-on approach, students will receive an introduction to live theatre.  This class is mainly participatory and requires class discussion and design projects.

 

Theatre II

Grades 9-12  

Prerequisite: Theatre I                                                                                 1/2 credit

Theatre II continues and builds on the basics learned in Theatre I using a more hands-on approach.  Students will learn advanced information and vocabulary through theatrical application projects.  Some theatre history will also be explored.

 

Debate

Grades 9-12                                                                                                   1/2 credit

Students will develop skills in formal debate procedures such as:  research, analysis, logic, application of arguments, and competition.  Emphasis is also placed on developing persuasive speaking skills.  Students may compete in formal debates beyond the normal school day.                          

 

Forensics                               

Grades 9-12                                                                                                   1/2 credit

Students will act out dramatic scenes, prepare sales and informative speeches and learn broadcasting skills.  Students will also develop specialized speaking skills and participate in forensics tournaments in their chosen field beyond the normal school day. 

Drawing and Design

Grades 9-12                                                                                                   1/2 credit

This class is for the beginning artist.  Students will learn the process of drawing, and will focus on the essentials of drawing realistic images.  Students will practice sketching from sight using organic and geometric approaches, creating the illusion of depth, and developing skills for creating good compositions.  Students will use various materials and techniques, including: pencil, charcoal, pen and ink, and washes.  The students will create a variety of art projects and will leave the class with improved drawing skills.  They will also be introduced to some design and art history topics related to the projects. 

 

Drawing and Painting

Grades 9-12                                                                                                   1/2 credit

In this class, students will spend the majority of their time painting with various materials.  They will learn about color theory and build upon their design skills.  Students will practice smooth and painterly techniques, explore realism, abstract and non-objective styles, and have some freedom to be creative.  They will experience various drawing media, as well as paint media in acrylic, gauche, watercolor, and mixed media.  The students will also explore some topics in design and art history as it relates to their many fun painting projects. 

 

Folk Art I                                                                                                       1/2 credit

Folk Art II                                                                                                     1/2 credit

Grades 9-12

These classes will focus on the Folk Art (or Traditional Culture Arts) of various regions.   Students will learn about the attributes of the culture (symbolism, historical relevance, well known Folk art of the civilizations, food, music, and dance, etc).  Through these classes, students will be exposed to various mediums/ materials. Some may include:  paper making, ceramic/clay, paper machie, beading, weaving/fiber arts, and painting. Students will gain insight into the important artistic connections between cultures while gaining an understanding of each culture’s unique aesthetics.

Folk Art I

This class will concentrate on folk art found in the Northern Hemisphere. This will include such cultures found in North America, Upper Africa, Europe, Upper Asia, and the Middle East. Some lessons that may be included are:  Ojibwa beading, Oaxaca animal arts, Alaskan First Nation carving, Middle Ages tapestry embroidery, Egyptian mask building, and China Scroll painting.

Folk Art II

This class will focus on folk art found in the Southern Hemisphere. This will include such cultures found in South America, Lower Africa, and oceanic islands.  Some lessons that may be included are:  Zimbabwe architecture, Ghana textiles, Australian bark painting, New Zealand Maori line drawing, Hawaiian carving,  Brazilian cave painting, Sir Lanka sculptural figures, and Madagascar unique animal paintings.

 

Sculpture and Ceramics I                                                                            1/2 credit

Sculpture and Ceramics II (Prerequisite:  Sculpture and Ceramics I)   1/2 credit

Grades 9-12                          

Students will design in 3D and experience various media in additive and subtractive methods of sculpture.  They will construct free-standing stable sculptures, as well as relief sculpture and printmaking projects.  Students will practice hand-building ceramic techniques such as pinch, coil, slab, potter’s wheel, as well as create sculptures with clay.

 

Studio Art

Grades 10-12                                                                                                 1 credit

Prerequisites:  Drawing and Design & Drawing and Painting, or recommendation from art teacher

This class is designed for highly motivated art students interested in exploring and further developing interests in artistic practice. There is potential for independent study in personal and/or group art projects, as well as personal portfolio development. Students may also have opportunities to help plan art exhibitions, set up displays, and possibly participate in teams that execute murals within the school. 

 

Yearbook      

Grades 11-12                                                                                                 1 credit

Prerequisites:  Successful completion of English 9 and 10

 The student’s English grade must be turned into the Yearbook instructor as well as a short essay indicating why he or she wants to be in Yearbook prior to receiving the instructor’s signature.  Students will learn the necessary skills to complete the yearbook.  Students will be expected to sell and design ads, write articles, conduct interviews, design layouts, use computers, and meet deadlines to complete the current year's book.  Communication skills in groups will also be emphasized.  In addition, students will be exposed to student press laws.  Some activities may require attendance beyond the normal school day.  This class may be repeated for elective credit.

Introductory Engineering and Architectural Drafting

Grades 9-12                                                                                                   1 credit

Students will study the fundamental concepts of engineering and architectural drafting through freehand sketching, as well as mechanical drafting and computer aided design.  Students will apply these concepts by creating projects which help them understand how Engineers and Architects design products.  Some examples of these projects include the design of bridges, simple cars, and vacation homes.  Students will also explore the various careers and post high school educational opportunities available to them upon the successful completion of this course. 

 

Engineering Drafting

Grades 10-12                                                                                                 1 credit

Prerequisite:  Introductory Engineering and Architectural Drafting.

Students will utilize Computer Aided Design (CAD) in 2D and 3D.  Those concepts will be applied with the aid of hands-on projects, 3D printing, and engineering design problems.  Post high school educational and career opportunities will also be explored.

 

Architectural Drafting

Grades 10-12                                                                                                 1 credit

Prerequisite:  Introductory Engineering and Architectural Drafting.

Students will study the advanced concepts of modern architectural design through two and three dimensional drawings, color rendering, models and computer aided design.  Students will apply these concepts by designing their dream home.   Post high school educational and career opportunities will also be explored.

 

Applied Technology

Grades 10-12                                                                                                 1 credit

Prerequisite:  Introductory Engineering and Architectural Drafting   

Students will study the fundamental different types of technology.  Examples include:  manufacturing, engineering and design, bio and medical technology, alternative energy, transportation, aeronautics, astronautics, and construction technology.  Concepts will be taught through hands-on projects, research, and real world examples.  Post high school educational and career opportunities will also be explored.

 

Human Anatomy and Physiology (Intro to Medical Occupations)

Grades 10-12                                                                                                 1 credit

The course is offered for students interested in a career in the field of health and medicine.  The student will learn the basics of anatomy and physiology, infection control, medical terminology, disease process and prevention.  This course provides the core instruction for all health occupation programs.  (This course may be applied towards a science elective credit.)

 

Medical Occupations I/Advanced Medical Occupations

Grades 11-12                                                                                                 2 credits

Prerequisite:  Human Anatomy

This program invites students to explore and develop skills used in all traditional and non-traditional career opportunities in the field of Health Science and Medicine. This includes veterinary medicine, dentistry, forensic medicine, biomedical engineering, health administration, rehabilitation careers, physician specialties, nursing, emergency medicine, radiology, pediatrics, holistic medicine and many more.

 

Each of our students will earn credit for 100 hours of diverse hands-on job shadowing experiences in healthcare required by college medical programs. This experience prepares students for application into college honors programs in medicine. Students are also prepared for entry level positions as medical assistants at Otsego Memorial Hospital and with local healthcare providers. College credit may be earned through articulation agreements (see pgs. 4 – 6).

 

Semester 1--Medical Occupations I

Classroom work and lab practice are combined to provide instruction in basic health care skills such as vital signs, body mechanics, medical terminology, and infection control.

 

Semester 2---Advanced Medical Occupations

Prerequisite:  Must have had a C or better in Medical Occupations I.

Students work towards building their personal portfolio as a future health care provider. Students are trained in CPR by the American Red Cross and are prepared to take the National Healthcare Foundation Skills Assessment.  Students follow the Michigan Center for Career and Technical Education Health Science Curriculum. 

 

Co-operative Work Experience

Grade 12                                                                                                        1/2-1 credit

Students who find employment in the health care field may receive co-operative work experience credit.  To qualify, a student must be enrolled in one of the Medical Occupations classes and be a senior in good standing for graduation.

Health

Grades 9-12                                                                                                   1/2 credit

This class is required in order to provide students with the skills they will need to achieve a healthy lifestyle.  The student will learn about the relationship of physical, mental, and social health.  Topics covered will include making healthy choices throughout the life span, prevention of infectious disease, and issues related to reproductive health, including sexually transmitted diseases and AIDS. 

 

Intro to Restaurant Management & Culinary Arts

Grades 9-12                                                                                                   1 credit

 

Restaurant Management & Culinary Arts

     (Students will take the ServSafe Manager’s certification exam and the ServSafe Allergen’s exam)

Grades 10-12                                                                                                 2 credits

 

ProStart® students can spend up to two years in the classroom/lab mastering the fundamental management and culinary skills needed for success in the restaurant industry. ProStart trains students on industry-specific skills that can be used in all aspects of the restaurant and foodservice industry.  Students also leave the program with employability skills – like leadership, accountability, teamwork and responsibility – that they can take with them to positions in all industries.  Students receive training in the following areas:

  • Management essentials
  • Kitchen essentials
  • Customer service
  • Safety & sanitation
  • Communication
  • Marketing
  • Nutrition
  • Purchasing, inventory and cost control
  • Culinary arts
  • Customer service

Students follow the new Foundations of Restaurant Management & Culinary Arts curriculum, developed by industry and academic experts.  The textbooks include:

  • A blend of culinary and management skills topics
  • Profiles of industry leaders to introduce students to career paths
  • Real-life case studies that build a stronger connection between the classroom and the industry

 

Both courses meet the Michigan standards for a required senior math credit.

For more information log on to:  www.prostart.com.

Students may earn college credit through articulation agreements with:  Northwestern Community College, Baker College, as well as other post-secondary institutions.

See articulation agreements for these courses on pg. 5.

Culinary III

Grades 11-12                                                                                                 2 credits

Prerequisite:  “C” or better in Restaurant Mgmt. & Culinary Arts, plus instructor’s recommendation

Students continue training for the restaurant industry focusing on the Culinary Arts in a more independent environment.  Students are required to work from the On Cooking text, a college level text, and are required to build a portfolio of their work.  They are also required to maintain a daily log of their activities and be responsible for their success.

 

Elementary Tutor Lab

Grades 11-12                                                                                                 1/2 credit   

Elementary Tutor Lab is a hands-on class that trains the high school students who are interested in an elementary education career, to teach children at the elementary level. The students travel daily to the elementary school to work with students, either individually or in a group. Tutors will be graded by observation, written responses, participation, and special projects. Success completion of English 9 and 10, successful completion of two math classes, and consistent, regular attendance during previous school years will be considered for enrollment in this course. This class may be repeated.

 

LINKS

Grade 12  (11th graders with LINKS’ instructor’s approval)                  1/2 credit

LINKS is an accredited class that pairs a student with special needs with a LINK for one scheduled class hour each day.  This class focuses on assisting special needs students with socialization, independence, age appropriate behavior, and life skills.  In addition to being a mentor, role model, and friend, they will assist the student in such things as appropriate classroom behavior, organization of assignments and supplies, and focusing on what the teacher is saying. 

 

Co-operative Work Experience

Grade 12                                                                                                        1/2-1 credit

Students who find employment in the hospitality field may receive co-operative work experience credit.  To qualify, a student must be enrolled in one of the Hospitality classes and be a senior in good standing for graduation.  In addition, the student must maintain a minimum of 15 hours of work per week.

English  9

Grade 9                                                                                                          1 credit

Following the Michigan Merit Curriculum, the goal for English Language Arts Grade 9 is to build a solid foundation of knowledge, skills, and strategies that will be refined, applied, and extended as students engage in more complex ideas, texts, and tasks.  Ninth graders will connect with and respond to texts by analyzing relationships within and across families, communities, societies, governments and economies.  They will consider how they building relationships, how their relationships impact others, and their responsibility to society.  These concepts will be learned through units centering on short stories, To Kill a MockingbirdThe Odyssey and Romeo and Juliet.  Successful completion is required for graduation.

 

English 10

Grade 10                                                                                                        1 credit

Following the Michigan Merit Curriculum, the goal for English Language Arts 10 is to continue to build a solid foundation of knowledge, skills, and strategies that will be refined, applied, and extended as students engage in more complex ideas, texts, and tasks.  Tenth graders will connect with and respond to texts through critical response and stance which offers students the lens to assess and modify their beliefs, views of the world, and how they have the power to impact them. These concepts will be learned through units centering on The Crucible, Julius Caesar, Of Mice and Men, and A Raisin in the Sun.  Successful completion is required for graduation.

 

English 11

Grade 11                                                                                                        1 credit

Following the Michigan Merit Curriculum, the goal for English Language Arts 11 is to continue to build a solid foundation of knowledge, skills, and strategies that will be refined, applied, and extended as students engage in more complex ideas, texts, and tasks.  Eleventh graders will connect with and respond to texts through transformational thinking which will focus on decision making for their futures.  These concepts will be learned through units centering on Lord of the Flies, Night, Frankenstein, Hamlet, Canterbury Tales, and Beowulf.  Successful completion is required for graduation. 

 

LC English 11

Grade 11                                                                                                        1 credit

Prerequisite:  IEP placement

Meets the requirements of English 11.

 

English 12

Grade 12                                                                                                        1 credit

This class is recommended for those students who wish to improve their reading and writing skills for college but are not interested in taking an AP course.  This course will follow the Michigan Merit Curriculum and will continue to build a solid foundation of knowledge, skills, and strategies that will be refined, applied, and extended as students engage in more complex ideas, texts, and tasks.  Twelfth graders will connect with and respond to texts through a focus on leadership qualities.  The concepts will be learned through units centering on Their Eyes Were Watching God, Things Fall Apart, Animal Farm, 1984, The Great GatsbyThe Grapes of Wrath, Antigone, “Letter from Birmingham Jail,” The Night Thoreau Spent In Jail, and Principle-Centered Leadership.

 

LC English 12

Grade 12                                                                                                         1 credit

Prerequisite:  IEP placement

Meets the requirements of English 12.

 

A.P.  English Language and Composition-Grade 11                                1 credit

A.P.  English Literature and Composition-Grade-12                                1 credit

Prerequisites:  Successful completion of English 10.  College bound students with an overall grade point average of 3.0 and strong grades in English classes will find the most success.  Following the A.P. College Board curriculum, students will read classic literature, produce literary essays, create informative essays, and improve vocabulary in reading and writing.  Upon successful completion, students receive high school credit by semester, but depending on the college or university, credit may be awarded for completion of coursework and/or scores from Advanced Placement standardized national tests. Students must check with individual colleges or universities for credit standards.  The cost of the national test is the responsibility of the student.  In addition, some books may need to be purchased by the student which will cost no more than $20.00.

Algebra I

Grades 9-12                                                                                                   1 credit                                     

This course builds upon a number of key concepts developed in the middle grades, such as patterns of change and linear relationships with multiple representations.  Units will cover basic linear equations, symbolic forms of equations, analyzing rates of change, quadratic, exponential and polynomial functions, rules of exponentiation, and problem solving applications.

 

LC Algebra I

Grades 9-12                                                                                                   1 credit

Prerequisite:  IEP placement

Meets the requirements of Algebra I.

 

Geometry                  

Grades 9-12                                                                                                   1 credit

Prerequisite:  Algebra I

This course explores the definitions and properties of lines, angles, 2-dimensional, and 3-dimensional figures.  Students will develop and apply such concepts as congruence and similarity, transformations, perimeter, area, volume, trigonometry, and parallel and intersecting lines. 

 

LC Geometry

Grades 9-12                                                                                                   1 credit

Prerequisite:  IEP placement

Meets the requirements of Geometry.

 

Algebra II                 

Grades 9-12                                                                                                   1 credit

Prerequisite:  Algebra I

Concepts studied include: applications of linear equations, quadratics, exponential and logarithmic functions, probability, and polynomial functions.  Use of graphing calculator is taught and emphasized throughout the year. It is strongly recommended that students entering Algebra II have earned at least a C+ in Algebra I.

 

LC Algebra II

Grades 9-12                                                                                                   1 credit

Prerequisite:  IEP Placement

Meets the requirements of Algebra II.

 

Pre-Calculus 

Grades 10-12                                                                                                 1 credit

Prerequisite:  Algebra II

An excellent preparation for any advanced math study, this course is an important class for the college prep or technical career curriculum.  The student will learn and expand many advanced math concepts such as polar coordinates, conics, complex numbers, sequences and series, function behavior and trigonometry.  Students will learn about the circular functions and apply them to science and practical situations.  Additional topics include polynomial and rational functions, exponential and logarithmic functions, and vectors.  Students will also use graphing calculators extensively.

 

A.P. Calculus

Grades 11-12                                                                                                 1 credit

Prerequisite:  Pre-Calculus   

Emphasis is placed on the study of limits, rates of change, differential and integral calculus and their applications.  Students will be encouraged to take the A.P. Test and may earn up to 5 college credits based on the test score and school of their choice.  Upon successful completion, students receive high school credit by semester, but depending on the college or university, credit may be awarded for completion of coursework and/or scores from Advanced Placement standardized national tests. Students must check with individual colleges or universities for credit standards.  The cost of the national test is the responsibility of the student.     

 

A.P. Statistics

Grades 11-12                                                                                                 1 credit

Prerequisite:  Algebra II 

This course is a project-oriented course designed around the exploration of statistical methods, and inference. Students will learn to design experiments and surveys, collect and analyze data, and draw conclusions based on statistical methods.  This course may be taken concurrently with another math course.  Credit may be awarded for completion of coursework and/or scores from Advanced Placement standardized national tests. Students must check with individual colleges or universities for credit standards.  The cost of the national test is the responsibility of the student. 

 

Financial Management                                                                                 1 credit

Grade 12

This course will cover personal financial planning and money management strategies.  Discussion topics and projects will include paying for college, investment strategies, understanding the stock market, probability, data analysis, expected value, games of chance, establishing credit, credit cards, budgeting, insurances, mortgages and consumer loans, understanding your paycheck, taxes, budgeting, and saving for that awesome vacation.  This course meets the Michigan standards for a required senior math credit.

 

LC Financial Management

Grade 12                                                                                                        1 credit

Prerequisite:  IEP placement

This course meets the Michigan standards for a required senior math credit.

Physical Education I

Grades 9-10                                                                                                   1/2 credit

Students will participate in a variety of movement activities.  Content will include individual and team sports, assessing and improving physical fitness, weight room instruction, & cooperative and competitive games.  In addition to movement skills, students will work to demonstrate self-management skills, teamwork and good sportsmanship, & knowledge of rules and procedures. 

 

The ultimate goal of PE is to provide students with the knowledge, skills, fitness, and attitudes needed to lead a healthy lifestyle. 

 

Physical Education II

Grades 10-12                                                                                                 1/2 credit

Prerequisite:  Physical Education I

Many favorite activities from Physical Education I will be included in this course.  Content will include individual and team sports, assessing and improving physical fitness, weight room instruction, cooperative and competitive games.

 

Students will participate in games at an advanced level of competitive play.

 

Physical Training

Grades 10-12                                                                                                 1/2 credit

This course is designed for students to assess and improve their levels of physical fitness.  Students will define individual fitness goals and create a long-term program to achieve them.  Record-keeping skills will help students to monitor their progress.  All five health-related physical fitness components will be addressed (cardiovascular, strength, endurance, flexibility, and body composition).  Students will train every day.  Workouts will include weight room work, yoga, aerobic work, plyometric exercises, and more. 

*Students may earn up to 2 1/2 elective credits in physical education.  No more than one physical education class may be taken per semester.

Biology I

Grades 9-12                                                                                                   1 credit

This class provides a strong basis in general biology.  The main concepts are: inquiry, reflection and social implications; organization and development of living systems; interdependence of living systems and the environment; genetics, evolution and biodiversity.

 

A.P. Biology              

Grades 11-12                                                                                                 1 credit

Prerequisite:  Biology                                                                                  

A.P. Biology conforms to the standards instituted by the College Board for all Advanced Placement courses and covers all of the topics in the A.P. Biology Course Description.  These include biochemistry, cell structure and function, metabolism, genetics, molecular basis of inheritance, DNA technology, evolution, microbiology, classification, plants, animals, animal physiology and ecology.  Furthermore, all of the above topics are integrated throughout the course using the eight major themes for the A.P. Biology Curriculum Requirements.  There is strong laboratory emphasis which covers all major themes.  Upon successful completion, students receive high school credit by semester, but depending on the college or university, credit may be awarded for completion of coursework and/or scores from Advanced Placement standardized national tests.  Students must check with individual colleges or universities for credit standards.  The cost of the national test is the responsibility of the student.

 

Bio Field Studies/Limnology                                                                                                 

Grades 11-12                                                                                                 1/2 credit

Prerequisite: Biology

This course will investigate such topics as water chemistry, aquatic micro/macro-invertebrates, algae, exotic species, fish, ecology, birds, plants and animals associated with lakes, streams and rivers.  In addition, students will spend numerous hours out of the classroom and in the field gathering data on these topics and presenting this data to local groups.  Students will hear from guest speakers and interact with professionals from the Soil Conservation District, DNR, DEQ, and numerous community groups.

 

Living Chemistry

Grades 10-12                                                                                                 1 credit

Living Chemistry is a course that includes the regular content of chemistry, such as:  matter, energy, atomic structure, chemical formulas, chemical equations and mole, gas laws, solutions, acids and bases, carbon chemistry, and real-world applications of chemistry.  Participating in lab is an important part of the course as well as developing mathematical skills in chemistry.  This course meets the Michigan Standards for a required chemistry course.

Chemistry I

Grades 10-12                                                                                                 1 credit          

Prerequisite:  Algebra I                   

Chemistry I is a college prep course with a rigorous approach to the regular content of chemistry such as:  matter, energy, atomic structure, stoichiometry, chemical formulas, chemical equations, gas laws, solutions, acids, bases, and an introduction to organic chemistry.  The lab is an important part of the course and strong algebra skills are emphasized. 

 

A.P. Chemistry   

Grades 11-12                                                                                                 1 credit

Prerequisites:  Algebra II and Chemistry I

This rigorous course in Advanced Placement Chemistry will cover the topics of stoichiometry, acid base chemistry, re-dox, chemical equilibrium, nuclear chemistry, significant figures, solution chemistry and colligative properties, electrochemistry, thermodynamics, rates of reactions and organic chemistry.  A major emphasis of the course will be college level lab experiments and preparation for college board Advanced Placement tests.  Upon successful completion, students receive high school credit by semester, but depending on the college or university, credit may be awarded for completion of coursework and/or scores from Advanced Placement standardized national tests.  Students must check with individual colleges or universities for credit standards.  The cost of the national test is the responsibility of the student. 

 

Conceptual Physics

Grades 10-12                                                                                                 1 credit

Prerequisite: Algebra II or concurrent

This course provides a systematic introduction to the main principles of physics and emphasizes the development of conceptual understanding.  Topics to be covered include:  motion, gravity, mechanics, waves and electricity.  Participating in lab is an important part of this course as well as developing mathematical skills in physics. This course meets the Michigan standards for a required physics course.

 

Physics                                                                                                           

Grades 11-12                                                                                                 1 credit

Prerequisite: Algebra II

This course provides a systematic introduction to the main principles of physics and emphasizes the development of conceptual understanding along with problem-solving ability using algebra and trigonometry.  This is a one-year course that includes a formal laboratory component.  This course provides a foundation in physics for students who plan to study life sciences, pre-medicine, engineering, as well as other fields not directly related to science.  Topics to be covered include:  motion, forces, gravity, special relativity, waves and electricity. 

 

Human Anatomy and Physiology                                                  

Grades 10-12                                                                                                 1 credit

The course is offered for students interested in learning more about the structure and function of the human body.  The students will learn the basics of anatomy and physiology, medical terminology, disease process and prevention of each body system.  (This course may be applied towards a science elective credit.)

 

Applied Botany/Horticulture                                                                      

Grades 10-12                                                                                                 1 credit          

Prerequisite: Biology                                                                                   

This course is designed to develop skills in the areas of plant science and the horticulture field.  Students will follow the Michigan Center for Career and Technical Education curriculum.  Areas covered include:  forestry, plant ID, plant physiology, soil analysis and nutrients, greenhouse management, IPM, landscape design, landscape construction and maintenance, hydroponics, pomology and viticulture and careers in the horticultural field.  This is a science-based course with many opportunities for hands-on learning.  (This course may be applied towards a science elective credit.)  See articulation agreements for this course on pg. 5.

 

Advanced Applied Botany/Horticulture II

Grades 11-12                                                                                                 1 credit

Prerequisite:  Applied Botany/Horticulture

This course is the continuation of the Applied Botany/Horticulture curriculum and covers material from the remaining required segments.  These segments include leadership, careers in the industry, irrigation, turf grass, alternative energy/sustainable agriculture, landscape design & maintenance and floral design.  (This course may be applied towards a science elective credit.)

 

Sustainable Operations Advisor/Horticulture III                                    

Grade 12                                                                                                        1 credit

Prerequisite:  Successful completion of Horticulture I & II

This course allows students to further develop skills learned in Applied Botany/Horticulture I & II.  Students will focus on maximizing production from systems established by the horticulture class.  This entails collecting data, trouble-shooting disease/growth problems, daily lab maintenance, establishing and coordinating planting schedules and rotations, facilitating and verifying operations required of lab groups and communicating ordering needs to instructor.  Final assessment includes student-developed portfolio of horticulture experience. 

U.S. History

Grade 9                                                                                                              1 credit

The study of U.S. History from Reconstruction to the present with an emphasis on mastering the following perspectives:  Geopolitical - A historical perspective on the relationship between the U.S. and the rest of the world. Historical Sequencing ­- Gain an understanding of historical eras relating to the present time. Major Contributions - Gain an understanding of interactions and contributions of minorities in history.  The students will be able to communicate effectively in both written and oral forms.  Successful completion is required for graduation.

 

Civics

Grade 10                                                                                                            1/2 credit

Civic education is essential for active participation by informed citizens.  Students will learn about the rights and responsibilities of the United States citizenship.  The course explores the structure of the federal government, as outlined in the U. S. Constitution, and the basics of the American free enterprise system and United Stated foreign policy.  Civic understanding helps students develop the skills to make informed decisions, to resolve conflicts peacefully, to articulate and defend positions, and to engage in the civic and political life of their communities.  Civics will help students understand what is expected in their role as productive members of a democracy and how to participate fully in American society.  This course is required for all sophomores.  Successful completion is required for graduation.

 

Economics

Grade 10                                                                                                        1/2 credit

An understanding of Economics is becoming essential for citizens in our national and increasingly interconnected world economy.  Productive members of society must be able to identify, analyze, and evaluate the causes and consequences of individual economic decisions and public policy including issues raised by constraints imposed by scarcity, how economies and markets work, and the benefits and costs of economic interaction and interdependence.  This course will prepare students to master fundamental economic concepts, applying the economic way of thinking and tools (graphs, statistics, equations, concepts, topics) from other subject areas to the understanding of operations and institutions of economic systems. Students will study the basic economic principles of micro and macroeconomics, and comparative economics systems.  This course is required for all sophomores.  Successful completion is required for graduation.

 

 

A.P. U.S. Government

Grades 10-12                                                                                                 1 credit

Prerequisite: U.S. History

AP US Government is a college level class that follows the A.P. College Board curriculum.  It is an intensive, in-depth study of the federal government from its origins and constitutional development to its current workings.   Areas of study include U.S. government philosophy, the Constitution, political beliefs and behaviors, political parties and interest groups, elections, the media, branches of government, and public policy. Upon successful completion, students receive high school credit by semester, but depending on the college or university, credit may be awarded for completion of coursework and/or scores from Advanced Placement standardized national tests. Students must check with individual colleges or universities for credit standards.  The cost of the national test is the responsibility of the student.  This course meets the Michigan graduation requirement for Civics.  Students will have the opportunity to test out of the Economics requirement after the AP Exam has been completed.

 

A.P. U.S. History     (Offered on a rotating basis with A.P. Comparative Government and Politics,                                                                                                                                available Fall 2019)  

Grades 11-12                                                                                                  1 credit

Prerequisite: U.S. History and Civics

This course is a comprehensive review of U.S. History with an emphasis on original source material.  Discussion and readings will be the focus of this course.  The student should be prepared to take the Advanced Placement Examination in U.S. History.  Upon successful completion, students receive high school credit by semester, but depending on the college or university, credit may be awarded for completion of coursework and/or scores from Advanced Placement standardized national tests. Students must check with individual colleges or universities for credit standards.  The cost of the national test is the responsibility of the student.  

 

A.P. Comparative Government and Politics    (Offered on a rotating basis:  2018, 2020, …)

Grades 11-12                                                                                                 1 credit

Recommended: World History and A.P. U.S. Government

AP Comparative Government and Politics is a college level class that introduces students to fundamental concepts used by political scientists to study the processes and outcomes of politics in a variety of country settings.  Six countries form the core of the AP Comparative Government and Politics course:  China, Great Britain, Mexico, Nigeria, Russia and Iran.  Areas of study include sovereignty, authority and power; political institutions; citizens, society, and the state; political and economic change; and public policy.  Upon successful completion, students receive high school credit by semester, but depending on the college or university, credit may be awarded for completion of coursework and/or scores from Advanced Placement standardized national tests. Students must check with individual colleges or universities for credit standards.  The cost of the national test is the responsibility of the student. 

 

World History and Geography

Grade 11                                                                                                        1 credit

World History and Geography is the study of history from ancient to modern times.  The past is studied to understand the present, avoid repeating the mistakes of the past, and to prepare for the future.  It will also focus on economic, political, and social factors that shape our modern world.  The course includes content from ancient times to medieval history to modern times.  Successful completion is required for graduation.

 

A.P. World History                                                                                      

Grades 11-12                                                                                                 1 credit

Recommended:  Civics and Economics, or A.P. U.S. Government

AP World History is a college level class that introduces students to basic themes and ideas in world history.  The purpose of the AP World History course is to develop greater understanding of the changes over time in various global processes in different types of human societies.  The course highlights the causes and consequences of global change within and among major societies. This is achieved through acquiring relevant factual knowledge and analytical skills needed to evaluate historical evidence.  The discussions of explicit periods of history form an organizing principle to address change and continuity throughout world history.  Upon successful completion, students receive high school credit by semester, but depending on the college or university, credit may be awarded for completion of coursework and/or scores from Advanced Placement standardized national tests. Students must check with individual colleges or universities for credit standards.  The cost of the national test is the responsibility of the student.  This course meets the Michigan graduation requirement for World History & Geography.
 

Law I

Grades 11-12                                                                                                     1/2 credit

This is a course that includes general or most common legal situations that a person is likely to come into contact with in today's society.  Units of study will include basic information about our legal system, court procedures, policy making, rights and responsibilities dealing with the law. 

 

Law II

Grades 11-12                                                                                                 1/2 credit

Prerequisite:  Law I

This class should be considered by those who are interested in a law related career.  Constitutional law, contract law, torts, family law, individual rights and responsibilities and career information are among the units in the class for those who wish a more in-depth study of the subject. 

 

Sociology

Grades 11-12                                                                                                 1/2 credit

Sociology is the study of man and his relationships; with self, others, and social systems.   A basic concept of sociology includes a discussion of the natural, social, and cultural environments.  The units of study will include development of a personality and the social being, marriage, family, and social problems of race, poverty, old age, and crime. 

 

Psychology

Grades 11-12                                                                                                     1/2 credit

This course is offered to college prep students as an intensive study of the mental processes and behaviors of living organisms.  Emphasis is placed upon the different methods and philosophies, learning, cognition, child development, intelligence, personality, stress management and abnormal behavior.  The influence of both heredity and environment (nature/nurture) on personal development is stressed. 

 

A.P. Psychology                                                                                            

Grade 12                                                                                                        1 credit

Prerequisite: Sociology and Psychology 

The A.P. Psychology course is designed to introduce students to the systematic and scientific study of behavior and mental processes of human being and other animals.  Students will be exposed to the psychological facts, principles, and phenomena associated with each of the major subfields within psychology.  They will also learn about the ethics and methods psychologists use in their science and practice.  A College Board test is expected to be taken in May.  Before taking this AP course it is strongly recommended that a student take the general psychology course.  The course will include:  History and Approaches, research Methods, Biological Bases of Behavior, Sensation and Perception, States of Consciousness, Learning, Cognition, Motivation and Emotion, Development Psychology, treatment of Psychological Disorders, and Social Psychology.  The readings, writings, and work are expected to be at college levels.  Upon successful completion, students receive high school credit by semester, but depending on the college or university, credit may be awarded for completion of coursework and/or scores from Advanced Placement standardized national tests. Students must check with individual colleges or universities for credit standards.  The cost of the national test is the responsibility of the student. 

LC Guided Study

Grades 9-12                                                                                       1 credit

Prerequisite:  IEP placement

Support class for students with specific accommodations.  CR/NC grading.

 

Functional English 9-12

Grades 9-12                                                                                       1 credit

Prerequisite:  IEP placement

Students follow curriculum for Extended Grade Level Content Expectations (EGLCE).  Meets criteria for1 English credit per year.

 

Functional Social Studies 9-12

Grades 9-12                                                                                       1 credit

Prerequisite:  IEP placement

Students follow curriculum for Extended Grade Level Content Expectations (EGLCE).  Meets criteria for1 Social Studies credit per year.

 

Functional Science 9-12

Grades 9-12                                                                                       1 credit

Prerequisite:  IEP placement

Students follow curriculum for Extended Grade Level Content Expectations (EGLCE).  Meets criteria for1 Science credit per year.

 

Functional Math 9-12

Grades 9-12                                                                                       1 credit

Prerequisite:  IEP placement

Students follow curriculum for Extended Grade Level Content Expectations (EGLCE).  Meets criteria for1 Math credit per year.

 

LC Career Exploration

Grades 11-12                                                                                     1 credit

Prerequisite:  IEP placement

Students will learn skills necessary for transitioning to “life after high school”, primarily those related to work success.  Focus will be on job skills, leadership, and responsibility.

Intro to Automotive Technology

Grades 9-12                                                                                                   1/2 credit

This course will consist of introductory skills required to properly maintain modern automobiles. Students will also develop basic skills to safely work in the auto shop environment. Areas covered include:  shop safety, basic hand tool use and safety, vehicle maintenance, cooling system operation-maintenance, tire and wheel repair, four stroke operation and basic braking systems. (Not open to students enrolled in the Block class)

 

Automotive Technology

Suspension and Steering, Engine, Engine Performance and Transmissions

Start Session A (i.e. 2015, 2017, 2019…)

NATEF (National Automotive Technician Education Foundation) Certified Program

Grades 10-12                                                                                                 2 credits

This course is designed to develop a broad familiarity with the automotive industry as well as cover the NATEF task list.  The course is structured to accommodate the beginning automotive student in a lecture/laboratory setting.

 

Semester 1

Students are instructed in automotive fundamentals including shop safety, proper tool use, technical manuals, jacks, jack stands, hoists and other basic automotive areas.  The majority of the semester concentrates on automotive steering and suspension following the NATEF standards task list. Some of the areas include power steering system operation, diagnosis, and repair, as well as suspension system operation, diagnosis, wheel alignment diagnosis, adjustments, repair, wheel and tire diagnosis and repair.

 

Semester 2

Students are instructed in engine operation and the Four Stroke Process, as well as engine performance and operation with a focus on fuel injection and computer operations.

Students will also be instructed in manual transmission operation and maintenance as well as automatic transmission following the NATEF standards task list.

This course meets the Michigan standards for a required senior math credit.

 

Automotive Technology

Braking Systems, Electrical/Electronics and HVAC systems

Start Session B (i.e. 2014, 2016, 2018…)

NATEF (National Automotive Technician Education Foundation) Certified Program

Grades 10-12                                                                                     2 credits

This course is designed to develop a broad familiarity with the automotive industry as well as cover the NATEF task list.  The course is structured to accommodate the beginning automotive student in a lecture/laboratory setting.

 

Semester 1

Students are instructed in automotive fundamentals including shop safety, proper tool use, technical manuals, jacks, jack stands, hoists and other basic automotive areas. The majority of the semester concentrates on automotive braking systems following the NATEF task list. Some of these areas include general brake system diagnosis, hydraulic system diagnosis and repair, drum brake diagnosis and repair, and disc brake diagnosis and repair.

 

Semester 2

Students are instructed in Electrical/Electronic Systems following the NATEF task list.  Some of the areas include general electrical system diagnosis, battery diagnosis and service, starting system diagnosis and repair, charging system diagnosis and repair, lighting systems diagnosis and repair, and accessories diagnosis and repair. Students are also instructed in vehicle climate control systems, including air conditioning system service and operation.

This course meets the Michigan standards for a required senior math credit.

 

Automotive Technology Service Advisor

Prerequisite:  Successful completion of Sessions A & B of Automotive Technology,

                        plus instructor permission

Grade 12                                                                                            1 credit

Semester 1 and 2

This course allows students to further develop skills learned in automotive technology.  Student will be required to assist in daily shop operation, including vehicle repair priorities, shop maintenance, work distribution, monitoring repair time tables, verifying proper repair procedures and parts ordering.

 

Automotive Technology III

Prerequisite:  Successful completion of Sessions A & B of Automotive Technology,

                        plus instructor permission

Grade 12                                                                                            2 credit

Semester 1 and 2

This course will further implement students skills learned in automotive technology.  Further understanding of base curriculum and NATEF standards will be essential for student success. Student will be required to assist in daily shop operation, including vehicle repair priorities, shop maintenance, work distribution, monitoring repair time tables, verifying proper repair procedures and parts ordering.

 

See articulation agreements for the above courses on pg. 5.

Co-op Work Experience

Grade 12                                                                                            1 credit

Students who find employment in the automotive field may receive co-operative work experience credit.  To qualify, a student must be enrolled in an Automotive Technology course and be a student in good standing for graduation.  In addition, the student must maintain a minimum of 15 hours of work per week.  Students with an interest in working in the automotive field should see the Co-op Coordinator in possible job placements. 

Spanish I

Grades 9-12                                                                                       1 credit

This is a fast-paced, academic introductory course open to students motivated to put in time and effort to acquire the Spanish language and culture through vocabulary, verbal, and written expression.

 

Spanish II

Grades 9-12                                                                                       1 credit

Prerequisite: Successful completion of Spanish I

(It is recommended that students who score below 76% in Spanish I consider repeating the class prior to taking Spanish II.)

This course will incorporate previous learned material into a more in-depth look at oral and written competency within the Spanish language.  Also, additional verb tenses and grammar.

 

Spanish III

Grades 10-12                                                                                     1 credit

Prerequisite: Successful completion of Spanish II

Previous learned material will be incorporated into a more in-depth look at oral expression.  Several verb tenses will be introduced.  Emphasis will be placed on conversation and written expression.

 

AP Spanish Language and Culture

Grades 11-12                                                                                     1 credit

Prerequisite:  Successful completion of Spanish III

AP Spanish Language and Culture is a rigorous course taught exclusively in Spanish that requires students to improve their proficiency across the three modes of communication.  The course focuses on the integration of authentic resources including online print, audio, and audiovisual resources, as well as traditional print resources that include literature, essays, and magazine and newspaper articles with the goal of providing a rich, diverse learning experience.  Students communicate using rich, advanced vocabulary and linguistic structures as they build proficiency in all modes of communication toward the pre-advanced level.